The tragedy of the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, caused by hijacked aircraft on 11 September 2001, showed that previous aviation security plans had failed. The tragedy has made interest in improving flight safety a top priority requiring immediate action.
Options for those responsible for ensuring that the flying population as a whole can fly without fear of terrorism – either to solve problems with the existing system or to develop a new security strategy.
The history of the existing airline security system, sharply highlighted by the tragedy of 11 September, makes systemic analysts question whether the existing system can ever be improved to the point where terrorist attacks such as the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon can be avoided.
The current system is based on a number of assumptions that have proved to be incorrect. The most important of these assumptions are listed below:
The assumption that checking the entire public flying at airport checkpoints could lead to the identification of potential terrorists and make landing on a plane impossible;
The hypothesis that checking all passengers’ luggage at airport checkpoints could lead to the identification of luggage containing terrorist assets and prevent the loading of such luggage on a commercial aircraft;
The assumption that the general aviation public will continue to tolerate the inconvenience and delays necessary to properly operate the security programme described in paragraphs 1 and 2;
The assumption that the cost of the programme described in paragraphs 1 and 2 could be justified on the assumption that it could be implemented in such a way as to prevent terrorists and their luggage from being loaded onto planes.
Indeed, if an improved security programme, as described in paragraphs 1 and 2 above, were to be followed, it would make air travel extremely inefficient, burdensome and costly for both airlines and the flying population. The terrorists would have won.
Those who think about how best to ensure the safety of general aviation should reject the premise that aviation security can be achieved by surveying the entire flying population to identify potential terrorists and prevent them from landing. This premise should be replaced by a new airline safety concept and a set of assumptions that are more likely to achieve safety goals with the least inconvenience to airlines and traveling passengers, and which can undergo a reasonable cost-benefit analysis.
This article was originally written in September 2011, shortly after the terrorist attack, and was based on the belief that the airline’s existing security system is flawed and will never be able to achieve the airline’s goal of reliable, economical and practical security. Airline and passenger safety officials failed to take steps to reduce the system’s inconvenience to travelers, cut costs, but continued to tinker with the old system without making fundamental changes that would help protect civilians traveling by air. . Terrorist attack. To protect the flying population from terrorists, a whole new concept of airline security is needed. This article was originally written to present such an alternative.
The most important fundamental issues of aviation safety
According to the original idea, the safety of the airline was based on the premise that terrorists could prevent boarding, and therefore the airline and its passengers could safely fly. This assumption turned out to be wrong and has serious consequences for the aviation industry, airliners and those who died in the tragedies of the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.
History has shown that a security strategy that tries to identify terrorists by filtering the entire flying population when boarding a plane is very expensive, inefficient, ineffective, impractical and easily amenable to terrorists. The apparent complexity of the existing system of isolating passengers, which poses a danger to passengers, forces flight safety officers to look for a more innovative and creative alternative based on a new set of assumptions.
This new safety alternative for airlines should be based on specific security goals that focus on actions that can reverse disruptions in the current system. These goals include:
Task I. Identifying potential terrorists before boarding a commercial aircraft;
The aim is to isolate terrorists from the flying population as a whole;
Task III – To prevent terrorists and their terrorists from landing on board commercial aircraft;
Task IV – Control of potential terrorists who may be eligible to board a commercial aircraft;
The task of V. Eliminate any potential terrorist on board a commercial aircraft attempting to commit a terrorist act.
The developers of the new security system should begin by examining existing knowledge about the shortcomings of the existing system and setting goals that will eliminate these loopholes and eliminate the terrorist threat to airlines and passengers. Key questions include, but are not limited to:
Who are the potential terrorists and how to identify them to isolate them from the total number of air passengers and avoid commercial airline flights?
How can terrorists be isolated from the general population of aircraft, be monitored and deprived of the privilege of flying by air?
How can you track a potential terrorist eligible for air travel to make sure he/she doesn’t enjoy the airline and the entire flying population?