These poorly understood heart attacks, known as myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries, can still cause heart damage and are also three times more likely in women. New research from the American Heart Association, published in Circulation, shows that hormonal changes that occur during perimenopause, the years before menopause, paved the way for heart disease. The Khoudary proposes to view perimenopause as a critical time to reduce the risk of heart disease with practices such as regular exercise and prioritized sleep.
Finally, heart disease can lead to sudden cardiac arrest or sudden and unexpected loss of cardiac function. Sudden cardiac arrest is a medical emergency and, if not treated immediately, will lead to death. Aerobic exercise can improve circulation heart doctor near me and lower blood pressure and cholesterol. Resistance training strengthens the muscles to better protect them from injuries and increases metabolism. This makes it easier to burn calories and maintain a healthy weight, keeping the heart healthy.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and can often be attributed to lifestyle factors that increase the risk of atherosclerosis or narrowing of the blood vessels. Smoking, along with poorly controlled hypertension and diabetes, causes inflammation and irritation in the coronary arteries. Over time, cholesterol in the bloodstream can build up in inflamed areas and begin plaque formation. This plaque can grow and, as it does, the diameter of the artery becomes smaller. If the artery is reduced by 40% to 50%, blood flow decreases enough to cause angina symptoms.
A study of nearly 2,000 patients recently published in the Journal of the American Heart Association found that the most common symptoms in women were chest pain and pain that radiated from the left arm. Cardiac disorders can often remain silent and may not have noticeable symptoms. In some people, the first sign of heart disease is a heart attack. When warning signs appear, these may include chest pain or discomfort, palpitations, light-headedness or dizziness, fatigue and shortness of breath. The goal of treating cardiovascular disease is to maximize the patient’s quantity and quality of life. Prevention is key to avoiding cardiovascular disease and optimizing treatment.
Risk factors for shortness of breath include heart failure, heart disease, weak heart muscles or heart infections. Also, the symptoms of a heart attack in women may differ slightly from those of a man. Many women do not experience the crushing chest pain people think. They may not be in pain, or they can only experience it in the neck, jaw or back.
Coronary heart disease, also known as coronary artery disease, is the most common type of heart disease.